HeartEndangered Quartet/Roy Nathanson/Curtis Fowlkes/Jesse Mills/Tim Kiah


Endangered Quartet (Roy Nathanson, saxophones; Curtis Fowlkes, trombone/vocals; Jesse Mills, violin/vocals; Tim Kiah, bass/vocals) releases their debut recording, "Heart," a collection that celebrates the stylistic versatility, collective experience, and warm chemistry between these four veteran performers.  


# Audio Title/Composer(s) Performer(s) Time
Total Time 46:33
01Chorale BWV 244/44
Chorale BWV 244/44
02The Honey Makers
The Honey Makers
03Same, Same
Same, Same
05The Circle With a Hole in the Middle: Part B
The Circle With a Hole in the Middle: Part B
07Con Anima
Con Anima
08The Circle With a Hole in the Middle: Part A
The Circle With a Hole in the Middle: Part A
09Sweet Intentions
Sweet Intentions
10Cry Of The Wild
Cry Of The Wild
11Endangered Hearts
Endangered Hearts
13Bombardment Reconsidered
Bombardment Reconsidered
14Goodnight Irene
Goodnight Irene

The origins of the Endangered Quartet lie in an informal get-together that took place two years ago in the Brooklyn living room of the group’s saxophonist, Roy Nathanson. Nathanson and three cherished musical cohorts—trombonist Curtis Fowlkes, bassist Tim Kiah, and violinist Jesse Mills—had come together to explore a shared interest in forming a composing collective.

“That first meeting was magical,” Nathanson, the group’s saxophonist, remembers. “We built it around the idea of letting the instruments have a certain intimacy together, one that allowed for the compositions to breathe.” The quartet soon booked a gig at a neighborhood coffee shop and the project blossomed quickly. From the beginning, the only rule the group committed to was that there would be no hierarchy.

That decision, and the unflinching support given by producer Hugo Dwyer, gave the ensemble the freedom to fashion an album as varied as “Heart,” a remarkable debut that moves seamlessly between ecstatic revelry and melancholy empathy. The many pleasures found here include Kiah’s uncanny arrangement of a Bach Chorale, Paul McCartney’s “Blackbird” delivered as a tender dirge, and original compositions like Mills’ “Con Anima,” highlighted by Fowlkes’ haunting trombone lines, or the supple balladry of the group composition, “Sweet Intentions.”

“This band feels like getting together with your friends when you’re younger, and we’re not younger.” Nathanson says. That’s a perfect description of the combination of joyful enthusiasm and musical depth that mark each of these songs, a mixture that left this listener in a state of appreciative transcendence.

-Dan Kaufman, liner notes from the booklet

Endangered Quartet (Roy Nathanson, saxophones; Curtis Fowlkes, trombone/vocals [both founding members of the famed Jazz Passengers]; Jesse Mills, violin/vocals; Tim Kiah, bass/vocals) is a composing and improvising collective of four expert musicians with wide ranging careers and musicianship. Coming together through a shared affinity for "honest and soulful expression," their eclecticism is on display on this debut album through renditions of music by Bach, the Beatles, and Ornette Coleman alongside compositions by members of the group. "Heart" is a fresh chamber amalgam of jazz, classical, folk, and Americana traditions, melded together in a debut release that captures the genuine warmth between these seasoned musicians.

The album opens with Tim Kiah's poignant arrangement of one of Bach's most famous chorales, the BWV244/44 from St. Matthew's Passion, and the melodic theme of one of Paul Simon's most beloved songs, "American Tune." Kiah's version embraces the undeniable power of both associations. After a violin intro, the ensemble joins playing Bach's four part harmony, with embellishments and pitch bends that lovingly dirty up the original material. Kiah's vocals enter for one round of the melody (and his original lyrics), an earthy homage to a pillar of European art music by a group whose instrumentation and sensibility owes much to rootsy Americana.

"The Honey Makers," a Kiah original, also opens with Mills' violin, this time in sonorous arpeggios that straddle the line between classical etude and virtuoso fiddling. Over Mills' ostinato, Kiah and Fowlkes sing layered vocals and punctuated high notes in sax and voice accompany a triumphant melody in trombone and bass. On a dime, the band transitions to an improvised section which alternates between the exuberant feel of the ostinato and a swung feel over a walking bass, with Nathanson, Fowlkes, and Mills taking brief solo turns.

Nathanson's "Same, Same" follows next, with a sorrowful melody played in unison by violin and trombone before repeated fragments at the end of the section become the link to a more insistent section. Mills takes the lead with a heartfelt passage as the texture frees up again -- the piece closes with a return to the repeated fragments under frenetic material from Nathanson.

The quartet's take on "Blackbird" lopes along with an easy swagger, again placing a precious jewel of the repertoire in a new context framed by the group's unique meld of Americana elements. After Nathanson, Fowlkes, Kiah (on vocals), and Mills all take turns on the famous melody, Nathanson leads the word painting with chirps and squawks before Mills and Fowkes follow suit.

Ornette Coleman's "The Circle With a Hole in the Middle" was first heard on his landmark 1970 release, The Art of the Improvisers. The Endangered Quartet breaks it up into two parts over tracks 5 (part B) and 8 (part A), in two arrangements, first by Kiah and second by Nathanson. While Part B moves a thematic motive around to different harmonic centers as material to solo over, Part A adheres more closely to Ornette's original melody and harmolodic concept, featuring improvisation that is unthethered to any harmonic center. Part A closes with material from the opening to Part B, squaring the circle over the two separated tracks, so to speak.

Jesse Mills' short interlude "Marbles" opens with a short three measure phrase in the violin with the third bar in 11/8, and as the sax plays a lyrical solo over the loop, the entrances are steadily delayed and offset further, throwing the off-kilter tune subtly further off balance throughout.

Mills' mournful "Con Anima" moves fluidly between an opening dirge, an ethereal soprano sax solo, a dialogue between violin and sax using microtones beautifully to color the passagework, and a collective improvisation over the form led by Fowlkes' gripping trombone lines. A closing ensemble section drips with pathos, evoking melodramatic Eastern European laments.

The brief ballad interlude "Sweet Intentions" functions as a prelude to Kiah and Dwyer's "Cry of the Wild" -- both occupying a lyrical, expressive space shaped by their chamber instrumentations.

"Endangered Hearts," a Kiah/Nathanson collaboration, is a slow shuffle, the kind that brings everyone together in communal spirit after a crisis.

Mills' "Edges" opens with violin and soprano sax sparring with gypsy inspired lines over a groove in the bass and trombone, progressing into freer, questioning material.

A descending bass line groove anchors "Bombardment Reconsidered," a Nathanson composition that initially revels in interlocking rhythmic cells. The texture opens up into a group improvisation over a bass pedal, first fragmented and obscured, and eventually expansive and soaring, before an echo of the interwoven opening returns to close the song.

The album ends with the group's cover of the American folk tune "Goodnight Irene," with Kiah on lead vocals and Mills and Fowlkes singing backgrounds. The version begins and ends with short through composed passages for the chamber quartet, inverting the stylistic fusion of the opening setting of Bach on its head. The duality apparent in both tracks is inherent to Endangered Quartet, a group for whom style is as fluid as dynamics or articulation, a parameter that is put at the service of immediate, honest music making.

-Dan Lippel, label notes

Produced and Engineered by Hugo Dwyer

All tracks were recorded at Figure 8 Recording, Brooklyn, NY:

3, 4, 7, 11, 14: November 26, 2017, Assisted Engineer - Nate Mendelsohn

5, 6, 8, 9, 10:  July 23, 2018, Assisted Engineer - Michael Coleman

2, 12, 13: July 25, 2019, Assisted Engineer - Nate Mendelsohn

Additional recording and mixing took place Out Back Where The Horse Used To Live,

Manhattan, NY

Cover: Starling, by Monique Luchetti

Group Photo: Charna Meyers


Endangered Quartet

The Endangered Quartet came into being through friendships that developed between musicians over a course of years, playing songs and sharing ideas outside of the context of the existing projects they were currently engaged in. They have developed this new quartet sound, a diverse chamber music blending classical, jazz, rock, and folk idioms. They are committed to a vision of honest and soulful expression — endangered but essential human values.

Roy Nathanson

Roy Nathanson has had a varied career as a saxophonist, composer, bandleader, poet, actor and teacher.
In the 1980’s, Nathanson formed the Jazz Passengers with trombonist Curtis Fowlkes. The band has been
together for over thirty years creating a variety of recordings, often featuring vocalists including Elvis
Costello and Deborah Harry. Since the 2000s Nathanson has explored various text/music combinations in
“Fire at Keaton’s Bar and Grille,” with his 3 “Sotto Voce” band recordings, and in film scores and radio
plays including “You’re the Fool” produced by NPR. Nathanson’s non-profit music program “Subway
Moon” has produced over 20 professional/student collaborations internationally. His new book of poetry,
“Conversations and Other Songs” will be out in fall 2020. Nathanson is the recipient of two NYFA
Composition Fellowships, Meet the Composer and Chamber Music America grants and the Bessie and
Joseph Jefferson theatre awards. Nathanson’s archives are available through the Fales Library of NYU
where Nathanson currently teaches.


Curtis Fowlkes

Curtis Fowlkes is an American jazz trombonist. In 1987 he founded, together with saxophonist Roy
Nathanson, The Jazz Passengers, an eclectic group dedicated to putting entertainment and humor back
into jazz. The two had met performing in John Lurie's The Lounge Lizards, a group that shares a similar
artistic outlook. Fowlkes has also performed as a sideman on over 20 jazz and rock CDs. In addition to
The Jazz Passengers and The Lounge Lizards, he has performed with Charlie Haden's reunited Liberation
Music Orchestra in 1996, and with the alumni Ellington Orchestra led by Louie Bellson. He has also
performed or recorded with Bill Frisell's quartet, as well as with John Zorn, Marc Ribot, Henry
Threadgill, Sheryl Crow, Andy Summers, Cibo Matto, Jeb Loy Nichols, and comedian Harry Shearer. He
has also performed with the Kansas City All-Stars, appearing in Robert Altman's 1996 film Kansas City
with this group.


Jesse Mills

Since his concerto debut at the Ravinia Festival, violinist Jesse Mills has established a unique career,
performing music from classical to contemporary, as well as composed and improvised music of his own
invention. Mills earned two Grammy nominations for his work on several discs of Arnold Schoenberg's
music, released by NAXOS. As a composer and arranger, Mills has been commissioned by Columbia
University’s Miller Theatre and Chamber Music Northwest in Portland, OR. He is co-founder of the
prize-winning Duo Prism, and of the Horszowski Trio. Mills is co-artistic director of the Alpenglow
Chamber Music Festival in Silverthorne, CO. He studied with Dorothy DeLay, Robert Mann, and Itzhak
Perlman at the Juilliard School. He is on the faculty at Brooklyn College, NYU and the Longy School of
Music. In 2010 the Third Street Music School Settlement in NYC honored him with the ‘Rising Star
Award’ for musical achievement.


Tim Kiah

Multifaceted musician and composer, Tim Kiah, incorporates a broad spectrum of styles and approaches
to his music. His compositions and arrangements have been performed and premiered for a variety of
audiences, including Lincoln Center, Carnegie Hall, and the Blue Note. He has been commissioned by
organizations such as Chamber Music America and Lincoln Center Theatre, and is a resident composer
and bassist in the Chelsea Symphony in New York City. Kiah performs many genres of music, including
classical, jazz, Americana, and folk. He has recorded and performed with Deborah Harry, Lenny Kravitz,
Jerry Douglas and Andy Statman. Kiah attended the Eastman School of Music where he studied
performance and composition. He earned his MFA from City College where he studied with world-
renowned bassist Ron Carter and composer David Del Tredici. Kiah has conducted composition and
improvisation workshops at Bennington University and City College.




The Big City Blog

The Endangered Quartet is saxophonist Roy Nathanson, trombonist Curtis Fowlkes, bassist/vocalist Tim Kiah, and violinist Jesse Mills—sort of a version of the Jazz Passengers. They have an album, Heart, scheduled for release on May 22, on Panoramic Recordings (that’s the jazzish arm of the excellent New Focus Recordings new music label).

This is in the vein of a Jazz Passengers album: made with skill, taste, imagination, and a balance of irreverence and love for the material, like the jazz/bluegrass style on “Goodnight Irene” and the delicate and plangent arrangement of Bach’s Chorale BWV 244/44.

As for the mood…it’s real. My own moods are frustration, despair, hopelessness, and also determination. This music gives me an ache, one that I’m not always prepared for. That means they’re reaching me, so pre-order and prepare. (If the world is safe by then, there’s a scheduled releases show on May 22 at Joe's Pub—otherwise, online only).

— George Grella, 4.23.2020


Blu Notes

If you see saxophonist Roy Nathanson on the Q train, head down and pen out, he’s writing a poem. (His second book is due for publication soon).

He hasn’t been riding the subway lately, and we know why.

Had you heard Nathanson—head up, saxophone pointed skyward—at Joe’s Pub, in Manhattan, last week, toying with Bach and digging into new tunes, he’d have been celebrating the release of “Heart” with his bandmates in the collective Endangered Quartet, his latest context for music-making.

That gig got canceled along with, well, everything else.

Endangered Quartet extends both long-running and more recent relationships for Nathanson: with trombonist and singer Curtis Fowlkes, who co-founded the Jazz Passengers with him in 1987; with Tim Kiah, whose bass playing and vocals were key elements in Nathanson’s inventive Sotto Voce quintet; and with Jesse Mills, a violinist whose training and experience is primarily classical, but whose innate senses of swing and of humor make him an easy fit into Nathanson’s genre-free, accessible-yet-challenging musical sphere. (It helps that Mills can sing, too.)

According to Dan Kaufman’s liner note to the new album, the group came together through an informal get-together two years ago in Nathanson’s Brooklyn living room—“around the idea of letting the instruments have a certain intimacy together, one that allowed for the compositions to breathe,” Nathanson said.

That sort of closeness may not be possible in these shelter-at-home times. Yet Nathanson has found ways to create musical intimacy while maintaining social distance, sometimes from his second-floor porch. And Endangered Quartet’s new songs and reworkings of existing music—especially Nathanson’s lyrics to Kiah’s lovely “Endangered Hearts”—have lately taken on new meaning.

The group turned their record release party into a Facebook live session, with some guest commentary from Elvis Costello. “If music ever had the ability to look into the future with hope, to even guess at the future,” he said, “then I think you can find it in these recordings.”

Nathanson and I spoke about opening hearts through music, lockdown be damned.

What was the last gig you played before it all shut down?

Strangely enough, the last real gigs I played were in French Guiana with this wonderful French band, Papanosh, and Napolean Maddox, who played in my Sotto Voce band. We have a project together to explore the English word “home” all over the world, but particularly in French-speaking countries. We’ve done workshops with immigrants and immigrant children in France and in hospitals where people are losing different mental capacities. We work with these communities to explore ideas of belonging and various identity questions that are at the root of so much bullshit nowadays.

Anyway, the French government paid for our trip to French Guiana to do the “home” workshops and concerts in this beautiful and strange place that voted to continue being part of France but clearly has a very different population mix than continental France. French Guiana has a majority population of former slaves, Amazonian Indians and a smaller number continental French natives. The country has a fairly small number of people (less than a half million) all of whom explore these questions of national and ethnic identity daily.

So, in the last few weeks of January, I was with Papansoh and Napoleon in residence in Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana and did two really lovely concerts there based on workshops in one area of the country.

Then I was home for a few weeks teaching at NYU, writing and getting ready to go on tour to France in late March and a good deal of April and May. But first I was to fly to UCLA to be a guest in Arturo O’Farrill’s “Cross Cultural Conceptions in Jazz.” and a little gig he set up there in L.A. That was, like, March 9, and on the way to the airport I got cold feet and just called Arturo and said I didn’t feel comfortable going. I felt ridiculous cancelling like that, but I was so conflicted and it was all so weird. The car service driver told me on the way how his wife had to go into the hospital with symptoms and I just freaked.

What was the last gig you heard before it all shut down?

I don’t go out that much when I’m home, so most of the gigs I hear are when I’m on tour. So the last live gig I went to was a Papanosh gig they did in French Guiana. They were playing music from a terrific new CD they’d made, and Napoleon and I were in the audience.

You’ve found ways to share your music—from your porch and front yard, during this shelter-at-home period. How has that worked, how did it feel?

I was recently asked by the Europe Jazz Network to be on a panel of musicians from different countries, to discuss our personal experiences during this pandemic, and there were several fundamental difference between my experience and the other panel members. Firstly, and most obviously, they were European musicians who get more support at all times by their respective governments as do other workers and citizens in general in Europe, so there were issues around that. But also, the other two musicians, one from Norway and one from Portugal, were young and far more comfortable finding ways to share their music online.

For me, there is just no way to replace the experience of playing with and in front of people. It’s just essential to the experience of meaning-making with sound. I’m lucky enough to own a house in Flatbush (I grew up this neighborhood, which the realtors now call Ditmas Park). My family lives on the 2nd and 3rd floors, and our friend’s family lives on the first floor. So the very first day of this lockdown, I decided to go out to my second-floor deck and play one song exactly at 5pm, and asked my downstairs neighbor, Lloyd Miller, who is a very good musician and a bass player, to join me from below.

I looked at this idea as a way to provide something lovely on our block and the blocks around us, that all of us could count on. I thought it should be at an exact moment each day in a very uncertain time. It’s turned out that other neighborhood musicians have come by to join in. I don’t play any of my own music on these “porch concert” songs. I just play songs that people know that and seem to me to speak to the moment, and that I feel comfortable playing —“Amazing Grace,” all the Bill Withers’ songs, “This Little Light of Mine,” 60’s R&B stuff we all know and an occasional jazz tune that seems right, like one time we played Strayhorn’s “Daydream.” Mostly they are forms of R&B. A video of one of these porch concerts was shown on WNYC’s “Greene Space,” and we are raising money through that for Flatbush Development Corporation, a community organization that provides all kinds of programs for the many struggling people of our neighborhood.

Anyway, that’s been a lovely experience but it hardly replaces playing a real gig with your own music that come from the investigations into sound and composition that you do in your basement.

So this experience of sheltering at home changed the way you experience your music and your writing?

Like I said, I was supposed to be on tour in France and in Europe generally during most of this period and nothing can replace the true interaction between audience and performer. That dialogue is just the essential stuff of being a musician/improviser. But playing by myself during this period I’ve found myself editing solo improvisations into little compositions. Even when I play something like “Lush Life”— to get more deeply into the composition. Not having that dialogue with others either keeps me depressed on the coach or gets me playing by myself into protools where I’m thinking more compositionally. The most messed up thing is not having the interplay with other musicians; that just clearly sucks and there’s no replacing it for me.

As to writing, I was working on a long book/dialogue/poem before this all happened. I haven’t spoken about this much yet but suffice it to say it was very much involved with memory and these are times where memory recedes and the moment is right in front of your face. So I’ve been excited that my second book of poetry, which has all my work for the last 10 years, was supposed to come out on Madhat press in September—but given these times, it’s been pushed back to January and even that is not certain given the tours being closed etc. But anyway, I found myself going back to writing short “plague poems,” specifically about the moment.

You had planned an album release for “Heart,” from Endangered Quartet. What should have been happening? What is happening instead? How has that worked out and affected you, emotionally and in practical terms?

My very close friends, Curtis Fowlkes, Tim Kiah and Jesse Mills and I put together a collective band called Endangered Quartet that composes and arranges a kind of chamber music. It’s been a beautiful experience of finding our voice in these last two years or so. Curt and I started the Jazz Passengers together, of course, and both Curt and Tim played with me in Sotto Voce. Then I’d met Jesse through Tim, when he subbed on a Sotto Voce gig about 10 years ago. Jesse is a wonderful classical violinist. I grew up with a mother who was a classical pianist, and I’ve always had a particular affinity to the pianists and violinists who are classically trained – particularly if they really like jazz and improvisational music. Jesse is certainly that, and Tim has become a terrific orchestral composer, so it’s been a blast for me to write for this group and to experiment in playing in these through-composed pieces that involve improvisation but are more intentional in terms of orchestration and group sound. The Passengers were invited to play in a few chamber-music festivals years ago, and I do think that I’ve always gravitated toward creating meaning through group sound and involving lyrics into that mix, and this new band furthers all that for me.

So finally we finished the CD that was released on New Focus Recordings’ Panoramic imprint on May 22nd. The concert was supposed to be at Joe’s Pub, which really is the perfect place for this subtle combination of sounds that includes vocals.

Of course the concert has been cancelled, and we’ve scrambled to find some kind of way to make an event about the release. So we settled on making a kind of film out of a Zoom discussion and a listening party featuring tracks from th CD. To help get at least a little buzz on the thing I asked my friend Elvis Costello, who’d already heard the CD and really dug it, to help out. He’s great guy and generous, so he gave a lovely guest introduction. Anyway, the whole thing was weird but we’ve done what we could and who knows what now… I really looked forward to getting the band booked, and of course that’s the only way to make any money from something like this but, still, it’ll be nice to know that people are hearing this music that, oddly enough, does really seem to speak to the vulnerability of this moment.

The lyrics that begin the title track to the new album — the ones Elvis quoted in that Zoom discussion—are stirring. Do they take on new meaning for you right now?

Yeah for sure. Even before this pandemic we’ve been in the throes of some pretty serious dystopic shit in this country, with a totally immoral and amoral nut and his cronies running the show. As a public-school music teacher for years and an old lefty who was at Columbia in the early 70s, I’ve always been yelling about the levels of inequality in this country but that shit has been so on steroids these last few years that yelling seems wildly redundant.

Tim is a wonderful musician who wrote the song “Endangered Heart.” He said that the song was about endangered animals, and he asked me to write some lyrics to the beginning of the tune. My sense was that, as musicians and as a poet, our responsibility is the uncertain science of the heart. Scientists have given us more than ample doomsday evidence of the science of environmental destruction, historians and sociologists have given us more than ample evidence of the institutional destruction of the structural deficiencies in our collective response to these problems, but, as artists, it feels like we’ve got to find someplace in the cracks to talk about the heart. I kind of ran with lyrics about us birds and our bird hearts. The lyric that Tim wanted me to keep was the one about us needing to, “See the world through the eyes of a child.” I don’t totally believe that, but I certainly understand the deep emotion behind that, so I put that lyric into a context I could believe in.

— Larry Blumenfeld, 5.27.2020

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