Richard Beaudoin: Digital Memory and the Archive

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Composer Richard Beaudoin continues his deep investigation into the realm of microtiming with Digital Memory and the Archive, the follow-up to his 2012 New Focus double-album Microtimings. On this new disc, which features a cycle of works for one and two cellos composed for Neil Heyde and longtime Arditti Quartet cellist Rohan de Saram, Beaudoin engages in an inquiry about the intrinsic nature of subtle expressive differences, building a rich approach to composition which embeds timings from iconic performances into the fabric of his music.


# Audio Title/Composer(s) Performer(s) Time
Total Time 44:48
01Reproducció (after Casals/Bach)
Reproducció (after Casals/Bach)
Neil Heyde, cello6:01
02Unikat (after Argerich/Chopin)
Unikat (after Argerich/Chopin)
Neil Heyde, cello8:39
03Bacchante (after Debussy/Debussy)
Bacchante (after Debussy/Debussy)
Neil Heyde, cello7:47
04Nachzeichnen/Tracing (after Gould/Schoenberg)
Nachzeichnen/Tracing (after Gould/Schoenberg)
Neil Heyde, cello5:42
05You Know I’m Yours (after Monk)
You Know I’m Yours (after Monk)
Neil Heyde, cello4:54
06Les deux lauriers (after Teyte/Cortot/Debussy)
Les deux lauriers (after Teyte/Cortot/Debussy)
Rohan de Saram, cello, Neil Heyde, cello7:34
07‘La chevelure’ from Trois Chansons de Bilitis
‘La chevelure’ from Trois Chansons de Bilitis
Maggie Teyte, soprano, Alfred Cortot, piano4:11

RIchard Beaudoin continues his in depth investigation into the relationship between the subtleties of timing in performance and expression with Digital Memory and the Archive, his second release on New Focus (a follow up to FCR125 Microtimings). Featuring performances by cellists Neil Heyde and Rohan de Saram, Beaudoin creates works that use precise timings and information from iconic recordings as a source of skeletal information around which to construct new compositions. Beaudoin’s work raises fascinating questions about the nature of interpretation, facsimile, and dialogue with past luminaries. As Neil Heyde elegantly writes of the towering artists on whose performances Beaudoin has based these works, “In these pieces they are hardly ghosts at all, but real presences.” In communing with the essential fabric of recordings that have touched so many, Beaudoin brings these great artists with him in the journey of creating new work, keeping their artistry alive.

The album opens with Reproducció, perhaps the most direct resurrection of a legendary recording in the collection. Beaudoin analyzed the timings in Pablo Casals’ recording of the Sarabande from Bach’s D minor Cello Suite BWV1008. The score reflects not just the pitches of the famous movement, but the precise proportional durations of Casals’ rubato. Beaudoin’s approach illuminates the layers of notational specificity – while Bach’s original notation is precise in so many ways, it is also extremely flexible in others. What might it mean to not simply play Bach’s Sarabande, but to play Casals’ performance of Bach’s Sarabande? This is the question at the core of Reproducció.

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The other works develop less direct but no less intricate relationships between the original recorded timings and the newly generated notation. Unikat is based on a Martha Argerich recording of E minor Prelude, op. 28/4. Here, Argerich’s relative dynamics in her performance of the left hand chords is mapped onto the length of variable arpeggios in the cello. The result is a piece that draws our attention to subtle changes in similar arpeggiated figures, and an accumulation of density and energy that mirrors Argerich’s interpretive and expressive arc in her recording. Bacchante uses a recording of Debussy himself playing his “...Danseuses de Delphes” from his Préludes, livre I, from 1913, a work that was itself inspired by a replica of the Acanthus Column in the Louvre. Beaudoin uses a similar notational system to Reproducció here, but adds variable note sizes and alternate beaming to help illuminate the mapping of the different hands of the piano onto the cello line.

Glenn Gould’s 1965 recording of the first of Schoenberg’s Sechs Kleine Klavierstücke is the source for Nachzeichnen/Tracing. Including the creaking sounds of Gould’s chair, this piece, played entirely without the bow in a panoply of colorful effects, captures the expressionist character of Schoenberg’s work and the focused intensity of Gould’s performance.

Beaudoin doesn’t limit himself to historic recordings of the European classical canon, turning his focus to a Thelonius Monk recording of Body and Soul from 1962 for the inspiration for You Know I’m Yours. Zeroing in on Monk’s uncanny ability to establish rhythmic independence between his left and right hands, Beaudoin builds the composite relationship between the two into the solo cello line. The result is a propulsive, fluid, extroverted work that captures Monk’s irrepressible spirit.

The final work on the recording is for two cellos, with Neil Heyde joined by the eminent Rohan de Saram, long time cellist for the Arditti Quartet. Maggie Teyte and Alfred Cortot’s recording of “La chevelure” from Debussy’s Trois Chansons de Bilitis is the model, with one cello mapping onto the vocal line and the other onto the piano. The static from the early recording as well as record skipping make it into Beaudoin’s imaginative transcription.

In a poignant nod to these great artists, Beaudoin closes the recording with Teyte and Cortot’s actual 1936 recording. But our hearing of it has been transformed by the additional layer of interpretation that Beaudoin, Heyde, and de Saram have laid on top of it. Indeed, Beaudoin’s process asks fascinating questions not just about our relationship to iconic recordings, but the phenomenon of interpretation itself, the sustained re-engagement with a work of art that has been passed down. By creating new works through the minute analysis of historic recordings, often using very fine technological tools, Beaudoin actually reconnects us with one of the most fundamental and low tech characteristics of artistic traditions – they are stories passed down from generation to generation, either by oral tradition, or via archival means, to be understood and interpreted in the context of each new era.

– Dan Lippel

Recorded 15–16 November 2021 (tracks 1–5) and 2 December 2021 (tracks 6–7) at Hastoe Village Hall, near Tring, Hertfordshire, UK

Producer: Neil Heyde

Engineer and editor: Jonathan Haskell

Cover: Glenn Brown, When We Return You Won’t Recognise Us, 2020 (detail), Oil and acrylic on panel, photo: Lucy Dawkins, © 2020 Glenn Brown

Richard Beaudoin

The music of Richard Beaudoin has been performed by Claire Chase, Annette Dasch, Dashon Burton, Estelí Gomez, Neil Heyde, Rohan de Saram, Mark Knoop, Constantine Finehouse, Carl Rosman, Kreutzer Quartet, Roomful of Teeth, Sound Icon, Boston Lyric Opera, and Konzerthaus Dortmund. It has been heard at the Amsterdam Concertgebouw, Wiener Konzerthaus, Hamburg Laeiszhalle, Linz Brucknerhaus, Schwetzinger SWR Festspiele, Shanghai Oriental Arts Center, MASS MoCA, Weill Recital Hall, Wilton’s Music Hall, and King’s Place. He is assistant professor of music at Dartmouth College.

Neil Heyde

Neil Heyde has been cellist of the Kreutzer Quartet since the 1990s and has performed extensively as a soloist in the UK, mainland Europe, China and the USA, broadcasting on the major radio and television networks. He has made more than 40 commercial recordings of music ranging from the 17th to the 21st centuries, expanding the repertoire for both quartet and cello through exploratory collaborations with composers — and by championing music from outside the mainstream. He heads the postgraduate programmes at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where his work focuses on relationships between performers and composers — past and present — and he is currently visiting professor of artistic research at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki.

Rohan de Saram

Rohan de Saram is one of the world’s most distinguished cellists, master of classical and modern music. He has performed concertos with the major orchestras of Europe, USA, Canada, Australia and the former Soviet Union. De Saram worked directly with Kodaly, Shostakovich, Poulenc, Walton, and more recently, with most of the world’s leading contemporary composers, including Pousseur, Xenakis, and Berio who have, amongst others, written works for him. A child prodigy, he studied with Gaspar Cassadó in Italy, Pablo Casals in Puerto Rico, and Sir John Barbirolli in London. His numerous recordings include a large body of work with the Arditti Quartet and solo repertoire from Vivaldi, through the masterworks of the later twentieth century, to recital concerts and recent works.

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